In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the ins and outs of starting an ice block business in Nigeria. We’ll discuss the capital requirements, provide a step-by-step guide to get you started, and analyze the profitability of this venture. Nigeria, with its power outage challenges and a high demand for chilled drinks, offers a fertile ground for entrepreneurs in the ice block industry. By the end of this article, you’ll have a clear understanding of whether or not this business is a lucrative opportunity.

Is Ice Block Business Profitable in Nigeria?

The ice block business in Nigeria has gained immense profitability due to the ever-increasing demand for cold beverages, particularly in hot weather conditions. Entrepreneurs in this field can generate daily income by supplying ice blocks to soft drink vendors and purified water retailers. Moreover, the market extends to restaurants and party organizers, who have a significant appetite for ice blocks. Party organizers, in particular, purchase ice blocks in substantial quantities, making them a lucrative clientele for ice block suppliers.

Capital Needed to Launch an Ice Block Business

Starting an ice block business in Nigeria requires a reasonable amount of capital. To establish a small-scale ice block business, you should budget for a minimum of ₦500,000 to ₦1,000,000. Contrary to popular belief, relying solely on a deep freezer is no longer viable in the industry, as it fails to cool the ice blocks quickly. Instead, you’ll need to invest in an ice block-making machine, which constitutes a significant portion of your startup capital, alongside other essential materials.

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Step-by-Step Guide to Starting an Ice Block Business in Nigeria

Let’s delve into the comprehensive steps necessary to initiate and sustain a successful ice block business in Nigeria:

1. Conduct a Market Survey

Before diving headfirst into the ice block business, it’s crucial to conduct a thorough market survey. This step is essential for long-term planning and strategic decision-making. A comprehensive market survey will not only help you assess the business’s profitability but also guide you in identifying your target market segment. While there is abundant information available online on conducting market surveys, we will provide key insights into the process.

2. Develop a Business Plan

In addition to the market survey, crafting a detailed business plan is imperative, especially if you intend to operate the business for an extended period or on a large scale. While you can prepare your business plan if you have the time and expertise, we offer professional business plan writing services. Feel free to reach out to us at for affordable rates, especially for first-time entrepreneurs.

3. Secure Your Startup Capital

The primary cost associated with launching an ice block business is the purchase of an ice block-making machine. Imported machines can cost up to ₦1,000,000, while local machines are available in various sizes, with small machines starting at ₦300,000. If you are starting on a smaller scale, you can utilize the capital range mentioned earlier to acquire one ice block machine, alongside other essentials like packaging materials. Additionally, if you face challenges securing sufficient capital, refer to our article on “how to get funding for your business in Nigeria” for additional funding options and guidance.

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4. Procure Necessary Equipment

The cornerstone of your ice block business is the ice block-making machine, which operates on electricity. Given the irregular power supply in Nigeria, investing in a generator is crucial to keep your production uninterrupted. You can source these essential pieces of equipment from reputable sellers on platforms like Jiji, but exercise caution when finalizing the purchase, ensuring you thoroughly test the products before payment.

5. Ensure a Reliable Water Supply

While treated water is not mandatory for making ice blocks, it’s imperative that the water used is clean and devoid of any odor. Water from a borehole is a suitable choice, as it will also serve for equipment cleaning purposes.

6. Commence Ice Block Production

With your equipment in place, you can commence ice block production. However, it’s advisable to start seeking customers even before you reach this stage. Inform local soft drink vendors, restaurants, and other potential clients in your vicinity early on to secure a steady stream of orders. This proactive approach prevents your ice blocks from accumulating in the freezer, waiting for buyers.

7. Market and Sell Your Ice Blocks

While providing transportation for your ice blocks is not mandatory, most customers prefer to pick up their orders themselves. To facilitate this, ensure your packaging is efficient and easy to carry. Ice block prices vary based on size, but the common rate in the market is ₦500 per block. Depending on your production costs, you can earn a profit margin ranging from ₦100 to ₦200 per block sold.


In conclusion, the ice block business in Nigeria presents a lucrative opportunity due to the perpetual demand for its products. While the initial setup may pose challenges, following the comprehensive steps outlined above will simplify the process. Although we have not emphasized business registration with the Corporate Affairs Commission, it may be considered if you plan to expand your operations significantly. For guidance on registering your business name in Nigeria, refer to our article on the subject. With dedication and proper planning, you can successfully establish and run a profitable ice block business in Nigeria

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